As if it was the Vatican City and Rome, London (UK capital city) has a borough called the 'City', but it isn't a borough, it has a special distinction that sets back a long time ago. Below you can watch a video which clearly explains the main differences between them, but here's a summary of the most important ones:
- More than 8 million people live in Greater London (the grey area of the map above), the capital of England and the UK.
- About 11.000 people live in the City of London (the red area of the map above). It has a totally independent organization from the rest of the country.
- Both cities have different councils, lord majors, police and even laws and collect their own taxes.
- The City of London sometimes acts like Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland or England, the other countries that make up the UK.
- The organization that rules the City is older than England's.
- The City was founded by the Romans, called Londinium. They built a wall and the city grew within it. After William I, the Conqueror, had united England, he couldn't defeat the City, so he offered the Londoners some privileges that have lasted since 1705 until now.
- Later, William I founded another capital, Westminster, to diminish power from the City. This city grew so much to become Greater London.
- Not all London and England's laws are directly applied on the City.
- Another curiosity is the tradition that the Queen of England can't enter the City without asking for permission to the Major of London.