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Wednesday, 10 December 2014

SOME FALSE FRIENDS


Here's a quick reference list of common false friends, that is, English words which are similar to other Spanish ones, but actually don't mean what they seem to.
  1. abstract abstracto, but also resumen.
  2. to achieve lograr alcanzar, not archivar.
  3. to assist ayudar, not acudir =  to attend.
  4. accommodation = alojamiento, not acomodamiento = arrangement
  5. actual = real, not actual
  6. advice = consejo, not aviso
  7. actually en realidad, not actualmente.
  8. advertise = anunciar, not advertir = to warn.
  9. apt = propenso apropiado, not apto = qualified or able.
  10. argument discusión, not argumento =  plot.
  11. carpet = alfombra, not carpeta = file, folder
  12. casual  = fortuito, informal, ocasional…, not casual
  13. constipated = estreñido, not constipado = (have) a cold
  14. to compromise cederaceptar o poner en peligro, not comprometer(se) = to (get) involve,  to get engaged,
  15. dessert  postre. For desierto = desert
  16. diversion = desvío, not diversión = fun, amusement
  17. embarrased = avergonzado, not embarazada = pregnant
  18. exit = salida, not éxito = success, not suceso 
  19. grocery  tienda que vende comestibles, not  grosería = rudeness
  20. hardly apenas, difícilmente. not duramente
  21. by heart de memoria, not de corazón
  22. large = grande, not largo = long
  23. lecture = conferencia, not lectura =  reading
  24. library = biblioteca, not librería = book-shop/store
  25. miserable = triste, destrozado, abatido, deprimido, horrible, terrible, not miserable = mean
  26. parent(s) = padres (padre+madre), not pariente, familiares = relatives
  27. petrol = gasolina, not petróleo = oil
  28. to presume  suponer, not presumir = to show off
  29. to pretend = simular, fingir, not pretender = hope, expect
  30. prize = premio, not precio = price
  31. quiet = silencioso, tranquilo, not quieto = still
  32. quote = cita textual or presupuesto, not cuota =  fee.
  33. to rape violar, not rapar =  to shave.
  34. regular = medio, de tamaño normal, not regular, ‘no muy bien’ = bad, not so good
  35. rope =  cuerda, soga, not ropa = clothes
  36. rude =maleducado, descortés.not rudo, bruto, basto = rough
  37. salad = ensalada, not salado = salty.
  38. sale venta, not salir = to exit, to go out
  39. sensible = sensato, not sensible = sensitive
  40. succeed = tener éxito, not suceder = happen
  41. ultimately = a la larga, not últimamente = lately, recently.

Link to other false friends.

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